Role of Data Science in Empowering and Improving Students’ Performance at Schools

Role of Data Science in Empowering and Improving Students’ Performance at Schools

Learning at school is the most important step in a person’s knowledge ladder. School education lays the foundation and the knowledge base on which future learnings and wisdom are built.

In today’s scenario, with almost every sector growing exponentially, the education sector is not far behind. Technology has seeped into almost all facets of this industry, thereby making it stronger than before. Because of this, it is now possible to collect lots of data and work on them to extract the necessary insights.

One such area is the use of data science and analytics in predicting the performance rating of students at the school level. This could enhance the whole learning experience of students on many levels.

What is Data Science?

In every domain or sector, data is available in abundance in the raw format. All these could be critical information, which when used could be a game-changer.

Data science is the analysis and extraction of valuable information from this raw data using various tools, algorithms, and models.

How does Data Science help in predicting students’ performance ratings at school?

Data science could be used to predict the performance of students and their ratings at the school level. This provides a snapshot of the students’ progress at school.

The following are a few ways in which predicting students’ performance through the data science framework are useful:

  • Continuous tracking of students’ performances in all the key areas

Helps to keep track of the performance of students in various key areas including academic, non-academic, discipline, and behavior to name a few.

  • Monitor and further improve students’ area of strength

Every student would have an area where he/she is strong. This framework helps to identify that area and also predict ways to strengthen it further.

  • Track and improve students’ area of weakness

Like the strengths, every student would have his/her area of weakness. This framework helps to identify that area and suggest ways to improve and overcome the same.

  • Categorize students into high, medium, and low-performance sections

This framework extracts enough insights from the available students’ data and thereby helps to categorize them into low/medium/high-performance segments.

  • Helps to focus on students on an individual level

Data science framework helps gather valuable information on students on an individual level. This enables the school to customize the learning process required for the student. This also helps the faculty to streamline relevant tasks for each of them based on their performance level.

  • Helps to reduce the rate of dropout/failures

Since this framework provides insights to understand the performance levels of students early on and accurately, it helps to identify the students lagging in their academics. Such students could be provided with a customized learning plan based on their strengths and weaknesses, which in turn reduces school dropouts and failures.

  • Helps monitor the student-teacher relationship

One of the most important factors in a school environment is the one-one relationship between the teacher and his/her student. The understanding and involvement levels of students are impacted by the type of rapport they maintain. Data science helps to extract such insights that could prove useful on many levels.

  • Provides constant feedback to improve and fine-tune school curriculum

A robust school curriculum helps develop the right quality of knowledge base in the students. Data science helps in providing continuous and informative feedback to the school authority, which helps them fine-tune their curriculum to benefit the students.

  • Helps analyze the resources used by students and thereby perform cost analysis

Not all the resources made available by the schools are utilized by the students. Data science helps in extracting this information. It could be useful to analyze cost efficiency as well.

Predictive analysis model

What are the popular prediction algorithms?

A discussion about how data science helps in improving the students’ performance at schools would not be complete without talking about some of the popular algorithms used for the same.

The core of a system that performs predictive analysis is an algorithm. Algorithms are a sequential set of rules followed by the program, to achieve the required goal. 

For predictive analysis, there are a few popular algorithms in use. A small dive into the technicality would give us a fair idea about them.

The following are a few of them:

Decision Tree
This algorithm is widely used because of its simplicity and ease of comprehension and understanding. To put it simply, this algorithm divides a huge data-set into a series of smaller ones via nodes. This can also be visualized as a series of ‘If-Else’ conditions to reach the required decisions.

Neural Network
This algorithm is slightly complicated when compared to the previous one. Assuming all the different qualities and characteristics of students as variables, this algorithm draws both linear and non-linear relationships among them, thereby exhausting all possible interactions to arrive at the decisions.

Naive Bayes
This algorithm is used mainly by researchers to identify the independence of the variables involved in addition to the dependency factors. 

K Nearest Neighbor
This algorithm performs in an effective way and provides accurate results. Out of all the algorithms discussed here, this takes the least time to categorize students based on their performance slabs.

Support Vector Machine
This algorithm has a good generalization precision and high levels of accuracy in identifying students who run a risk of failing or being a dropout.


School-age is probably the best age for humans to adapt to changing rules, environment, and habits. Kids at this age largely do not have a rigid mindset and could be moulded much easier than the grownups. A proper and foolproof performance prediction technique using data science would ensure students are re-shaped into the best versions of themselves. To learn about this in detail, please enroll in the Data Science program of Geeklurn.

Nowadays, we see a lot of education services and providers promising the best education for kids at the school level. However, at the end of the day, it is the quality of the education that matters the most when compared to the quantity.

Every child has a special skill. The best place to identify that is at the school level. Data science helps hugely by innately performing the SWOT analysis via algorithms and arriving at decisions to highlight the performance ratings and areas of improvement.

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