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30 Intermediate And Advanced Interview Questions On HTML That You Should Prepare For Becoming A Web Developer

You are currently viewing 30 Intermediate And Advanced Interview Questions On HTML That You Should Prepare For Becoming A Web Developer

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How about being a successful Web developer in 2020. Have you yet started preparing with the fundamentals? HTML is an important part and component of front end development, the knowledge of which is undeniably important before you become a Full-stack web developer. So we present you a list of questions which will help you a little more towards acknowledging HTML concepts.

HTML, or the HyperText Markup Language, is a computer programming language widely used to make web pages and web applications. This standard text formatting language, first released in 1993, is used to structure web content in the form of paragraphs or bulleted lists or by using images and data tables. This language is interpreted by the browser for the display of a webpage and its content. Highly useful for web designers and web developers, HTML has two components – Language and Tags and Attributes. The language is used in combination with CSS and JavaScript to make a webpage functional and even visually appealing. The latest version of this language is HTML5 and most of its features are supported by all popular browsers, including Google Chrome, Apple Safari, Mozilla Firefox, and Opera.

Learning HTML is a must if you wish to develop web pages and websites. This simple-to-understand language allows you to use templates, and it works well with CSS and JavaScript. You can learn HTML and other languages for web development by joining GeekLurn’s Full Stack Web Developer course. The 6-month program will help you learn web development through Java, HTML, and CSS and will prepare you for your career ahead. Consider looking through HTML interview questions and answers to prepare yourself.

HTML Intermediate Interview Questions

Here’s a look at some commonly asked HTML developer interview questions:

Q1. What is HTML?

Ans: HTML stands for hypertext markup language. It is the standard text formatting language which is used to create and display pages on the web.HTML documents consist of two components: the content and the tags.

Q2. What are the key elements of the list used for designing a page?

Ans: The following list types are

  • Definition list
  • menu list
  • Directory list
  • Ordered list
  • Unordered list

Q3. What is the significance of a collapsed white space?

Ans: A sequence of blank space characters is called white space. In HTML it is designated as a single space character. The browser is able to collapse multiple spaces into single spaces, so the line of text can be indented without worrying about the space. It makes HTML more easily readable.

Q4. How do you create links to the section of the same page?

Ans: Links are usually created using the <a> tag with the reference of using the number (#) symbol.

Q5: What is the utility of alternative text in image mapping?

Ans: When image mapping is done, there is a possibility of confusion, as to navigate hotspots, i.e., to determine which hotspots map to which link. There comes alternative texts into existence. It helps in putting a descriptive text to each link to make it distinct.

Q6: What is the meaning of the style sheet?

Ans: A style sheet is basically a set of style rules that tells a browser about how the various HTML tags are to be applied to present a document.

Q7: How many types of style sheets are there?

Ans: There are three different types of style sheets;

  • Embedded: The style rules are included within the HTML generally at the top of the web page- the head.
  • Inline: The style rules exist throughout the HTML of the web page- the body.
  • Linked: The style rules are stored outside in a separate file which is external to all the web pages.

Q8: Write an HTML table tag sequence that outputs the following:

60 pcs 200 400

30 pcs 5 60

Ans 

<table> 

<tr> 

<td>60 pcs</td> 

<td>200</td> 

<td>400</td> 

</tr> 

<tr> 

<td>30 pcs</td> 

<td>5</td> 

<td>60</td> 

</tr> 

</table>

Q9: How can you change the colour of the bullets?

Ans: The colour of the bullet remains the same as the first character in the list item. Surrounding the <li>, and the first character with a set of <font> tags with colour attribute set, the bullet colour and the first character will be different from the text.

Q10. What should be the limit of text field size?

Ans: The default size of any text character is 13 characters. Including the size attribute, the lower value can be assigned to as low as 1. Browser width determines the maximum size value. Size attribute being set as 0, the default size will be 13 characters. 

Q11. What is the difference between active links and normal links?

Ans: the colour by which both active and normal links are recognised by is blue. When the mouse cursor is placed over a link, and it has a focus, it determines that it is an active link. Those who don’t have a focus over the placement of mouse cursor on them are called a normal link.

Q12. List the new FORM elements in HTML5?

Ans: The new FORM elements render more and better functionalities than the previous one.

  • <datalist> : this tag usefuly list outputs for input controls.
  • <keygen>: It represents a key value pair generator.
  • <output>: It represents the result of scripting calculation.

Q13: What is the difference between session and local storage in HTML5?

Ans: Session storage: It only stores current session data. once the browser get closed, it clears the storage automatically.

Local storage:

 It does store current session data but unlike session storage, the storage does not get cleared automatically once the browser get closed.

Q14: What are the new input types provided by HTML5 in forms?

Ans: New data types introduced by HTML5 are;

  • datetime-local- It allows the user to select a date and time irrespective of the time zone.
  • datetime- It allows the user to select a date and time taking into account the time zone.
  • Date- It allows the user to choose a date.
  • month- It allows user to select a month and year.
  • email- This input consists of email listing and details.

Q15: How do you create a nested webpage in HTML?

Ans: In HTML iframe tag is used to denote a nested webpage.

!DOCTYPE html>    

<html>    

<body>    

<h2>HTML Iframes example</h2>    

<p>Use the length and breadth attributes to specify the size of the iframe:</p>    

<iframe src=”https://www.javatpoint.com/” height=”200″ width=”300″></iframe>    

</body>    

</html>    

Q16: What are the void elements in HTML?

HTML elements that do not need to be closed or do not have any closing tags are called void elements. Some common examples are: br, col, command, hr, img, input, source, track, link.

Q17: Are the HTML tags and elements the same thing?

No, the HTML tags are just the opening or the closing entry and they begin with < symbol and end with > symbol, while the HTML elements encompass the opening and the closing tag plus the content. For example: <p> and </p> are HTML tags, while <p>This is the content</p> is the HTML element.

Q18: What are tags and attributes in HTML?

Tags are used to represent the opening or the closing entry and they begin and end with symbols < and >, respectively. HTML attributes are used to define the character of an HTML element and are always placed in the opening tag.

Q19: What are HTML entities?

HTML entities refer to a piece of text or string that begins with an ampersand (&) and ends with a semicolon (;). These entities are used to display reserved characters and invisible characters or characters that are difficult to type with a normal keyboard.

Q20: What are Frames in HTML?

This is among the most important HTML developer interview questions. Frames are used to make the navigation of a site easier.

Q21: What is the HTML Layout Structure?

The general layout structure includes the header, which shows the start information, and the footer, which represents the last section of the page. Other components of the structure include the navigation menu, the main content or article, details, and the sidebar content.

Q22: What are the different types of lists in HTML?

Lists are used for grouping related pieces of information and help in creating a well-structured and more accessible document. These lists make webpages easy to read and update. Three main types of lists are used in HTML:

  • Unordered – This is used to group a set of related items but in no specific order.
  • Ordered – This is used to group a set of related items in a specific order.
  • Description – This list is used to display name or value pairs, such as terms and definitions.

Menu and Directory lists are also used in HTML.

HTML Advanced Interview Questions

Once you are clear about the basics of HTML, you also need to familiarise yourself with its applications and usage. Here are some HTML advanced interview questions whose answers you should know.

Q1: What do you mean by Application Cache in HTML5?

This means that the web application is cached and can be accessed even without an internet connection.

Q2: What are applets?

Applets refer to small programs that can be combined or fixed with webpages to perform a specific function like computation or animation.

Q3: What are the input types of HTML5 for forms?

The input types of HTML5 for forms and collection of specific types of data are: Date, DateTime-local, DateTime, month, email, week etc.

Q4: Which New Tags are Included in HTML5?

This is one of the most important HTML advanced interview questions. HTML5 comes with two new tags – <video> and <audio>. These tags are used to play multimedia content on the webpages and are a replacement for the flash player and Silverlight.

Q5: How do we use JavaScript with HTML?

JavaScript is used with an HTML document to enable dynamic interactivity on websites. It helps the users to build web applications that can interact directly without the need to reload the page every time. This is done by using the script tag.

Q6: What is the Get and Post Method?

As the name suggests, the GET method is used to seek data from the server, while the POST is used for submitting the data to the server.

Q7: What is Longdesc in HTML?

This attribute is used to provide a link to another page containing a description of the contents of the frame.

Q8: What is CSS?

CSS refers to Cascading Style Sheet and is a list of rules that can be assigned to various HTML elements.

HTML MCQ Section 

Question: What is the full form of HTML?

  1. HyperText Mark Up Language
  2. HyperText Mark Down Language
  3. HighText Mark Up Language
  4. None of the Above.

Question:  Which of these List Types is Used in HTML?

  1. Bulleted, Numbered
  2. Ordered, Unordered
  3. Named, Unnamed
  4. None of the Above

Question: HTML files are saved by the extension

  1. .h
  2. .ht
  3. .html
  4. None of the above

Question: Which of the following tags do not require a closing tag?

  1. <br>
  2. <hr>
  3. Both a and b
  4. None of the above

Question: Colours are defined in HTML Using:

  1. RGB Values
  2. HEX Values
  3. RGBA Values
  4. None of the above

Question: Which of the following is true about HTML tags?

  1. They are case sensitive
  2. They are not case sensitive
  3. Are in uppercase
  4. Are in lowercase

Question: What are the main components of the front end of any working website?

  1. HTML
  2. HTML, CSS
  3. HTML, CSS, JavaScript
  4. None of the Above

Question. Which HTML tag is used to set up a JavaScript like client-side scripting language?

  1. <select>
  2. <script>
  3. <anchor>
  4. None of the above

mm

Monica is a senior marketing executive. Her skillsets consist of digital marketing and strategy, SEO, marketing analysis and more. She also has her expertise in writing various copies, including web, newsletters, e-books, social media, etc. But, it does not stop here. Her love for writing goes as far as doing poetry connecting science and life.

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Monica Swain

Monica is a senior marketing executive. Her skillsets consist of digital marketing and strategy, SEO, marketing analysis and more. She also has her expertise in writing various copies, including web, newsletters, e-books, social media, etc. But, it does not stop here. Her love for writing goes as far as doing poetry connecting science and life.
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